Recognize 5 Characteristics of Earthquake Resistant Houses
Recognize 5 Characteristics of Earthquake Resistant Houses - Indonesia is one of the countries with frequent earthquake intensity. This makes many archipelago architectures familiar with earthquake resistant homes. In fact, the concept of an earthquake-resistant house has indeed been implemented by the archipelago's ancestors through existing traditional houses.
Now, many modern buildings are starting to consider the concept of earthquake resistant houses to ensure better durability. What are the characteristics and characteristics of the earthquake resistant house concept? Here's a brief explanation of the important characteristics of earthquake resistant homes that you need to know.
1. Quality of Land Where Earthquake Resistant Houses Stand
When an earthquake occurs, the surface of the soil is one of the most affected natural components. To ensure the design of earthquake resistant houses, make sure the land where the dwelling stands has a density that is good enough, hard, and not porous so that the vibrations that occur due to the earthquake do not change the surface of the soil too extreme resulting in damage to the structure under the building.
2. Plan Plan for Earthquake Resistant Houses: Symmetrical and Simple
Did you know that a house plan that is symmetrical and simple (without excessive formation and accent) is very good for earthquake resistant homes? This is because the symmetrical formation helps strengthen the structure and makes the dispersion of the force evenly distributed. Such structures can withstand earthquake forces better because of the lack of more even torque and strength effects.
3. Special Earthquake Resistant Construction Houses
The main key to the concept of earthquake resistant houses is the structure. Earthquake-resistant house structures must be able to channel earthquake inertia forces to the foundation and to the ground. This makes the level of flexibility of the earthquake resistant house structure along with the building materials used very important. To clarify, the following is a description of some earthquake resistant house structural elements.
4. Foundation UsedThe lowest structure of the earthquake resistant house serves to channel the load to the ground. Besides having to stand on the ground with a hard surface, the minimum depth of the foundation must be 60 to 75 cm.
In addition, the structure of the earthquake resistant house must also be strongly connected with the Sloof through making anchors between sloof and foundation at a distance of 1 m.
5. Selection of Concrete
As a general part of building construction, the concrete components in earthquake resistant houses should be with the composition of sand (fine aggregate, gravel (coarse aggregate) of water and precision cement so as to reduce the risk of cracks that lead to concrete breakage or collapse during an earthquake.
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